The group consisted of Jack White songwriter, vocals, guitar, piano, and mandolin and Meg White drums and vocals. After releasing several singles and three albums within the Detroit music scene , The White Stripes rose to prominence in as part of the garage rock revival scene.
Their successful and critically acclaimed albums White Blood Cells and Elephant drew attention from a large variety of media outlets in the United States and the United Kingdom. The single " Seven Nation Army ", which used a guitar and an octave pedal to create the iconic opening riff,  became one of their most recognizable songs. The band recorded two more albums, Get Behind Me Satan in and Icky Thump in , and dissolved in after a lengthy hiatus from performing and recording.
The White Stripes used a low-fidelity approach to writing and recording. Their music featured a melding of garage rock and blues influences and a raw simplicity of composition, arrangement, and performance.
The duo were also noted for their fashion and design aesthetic which featured a simple color scheme of red, white, and black—which was used on every album and single cover the band released—as well as the band's fascination with the number three. As a senior in high school, Jack Gillis as he was then known  met Meg White at the Memphis Smoke—the restaurant where she worked and where he would read his poetry at " open mic " nights.
After dating for several years, Gillis and White married on September 21, In —allegedly on Bastille Day  —Meg first began to learn to play the drums. In Jack's words, "When she started to play drums with me, just on a lark, it felt liberating and refreshing.
There was something in it that opened me up. Meg loves peppermints, and we were going to call ourselves The Peppermints. But since our last name was White, we decided to call it "The White Stripes". It revolved around this childish idea, the ideas kids have—because they are so much better than adult ideas, right? From the beginning, they established certain motifs: publicly pretending to be brother and sister,  outfitting their production in only black, red, and white,  and heavily using the number "three".
The White Stripes were scheduled to perform at a local music lounge soon after they separated. Jack assumed the band was over and asked Buick and nephew Ben Blackwell to perform with him in the slot that had been booked for The White Stripes. However, the day they were supposed to perform, Meg convinced Jack that The White Stripes should continue and the band reunited.
Looking back on their debut during a interview with Guitar Player , Jack said, "I still feel we've never topped our first album. It's the most raw, the most powerful, and the most Detroit-sounding record we've made. Allmusic said of the album: . Jack White's voice is a singular, evocative combination of punk, metal , blues, and backwoods while his guitar work is grand and banging with just enough lyrical touches of slide and subtle solo work Meg White balances out the fretwork and the fretting with methodical, spare, and booming cymbal , bass drum , and snare All D.
The record is currently—like the majority of vinyl records by The White Stripes— out of print and difficult to find. The album title derives from the Dutch art movement of the same name;  common elements of the De Stijl aesthetic are demonstrated on the album cover, which sets the band members against an abstract background of rectangles and lines in red, black and white. De Stijl eventually reached number 38 on Billboard Magazine' s Independent Albums chart in , around the time The White Stripes' popularity began establishing itself.
One New York Times critic at the time said that the Stripes typified "what many hip rock fans consider real music. Several outlets praised their "back to basics" approach,   with Daily Mirror calling them "the greatest band since The Sex Pistols. It reached number 55 in the United Kingdom, [ citation needed ] being bolstered in both countries by the single " Fell in Love with a Girl " and its accompanying Lego -animation music video directed by Michel Gondry.
Its release was suppressed by the band's management, however, after they discovered that Roca had been showing it at the Seattle Film Festival without permission. Elephant garnered much critical acclaim upon its release. Darker and more difficult than White Blood Cells. NME referred to the album as the pinnacle of the White Stripes' time as a band and one of Jack White's best works of his career. The album's first single, " Seven Nation Army ", was the band's most successful.
The song was at the top of the rock charts on Billboard. The album's third single was the successful " The Hardest Button to Button ". In , according to an interview with David Fricke of Rolling Stone, Jack began working on songs for the band's next album at his home.
Another theory about this title is that Jack and Meg White read James Joyce's story collection "Dubliners" published and used a line from the final story "The Dead" to title this album. Three singles were released from the album, the first being " Blue Orchid ", a popular song on satellite radio and some FM stations. The White Stripes postponed the Japanese leg of their world tour after Jack strained his vocal cords, with doctors recommending that Jack not sing or talk for two weeks.
The song was later released in December as the Walking with a Ghost EP featuring four other live tracks. In October , it was announced on the official White Stripes website that there would be an album of avant-garde orchestral recordings consisting of past music written by Jack called Aluminium. The album was made available for pre-order on November 6, , to great demand from the band's fans; the LP version of the project sold out in a little under a day. Before the album went out of print, it was available exclusively through the Aluminium website in a numbered limited edition of 3, CDs with LPs.
On January 12, , V2 Records announced that, due to being under the process of reconstruction, it would no longer release new White Stripes material, leaving the band without a label. As of March 8, , the album has sold , copies in the US. Following the well-received Get Behind Me Satan , Icky Thump marked a return to the punk, garage rock and blues influences for which the band is known.
It would also be their first album with a title track. The album's release came on the heels of a series of concerts in Europe and one in North America at Bonnaroo. NME described the tracks as "an experimental, heavy sounding 70s riff," "a strong, melodic love song" and "an unexpected mix of big guitars and a bold horn section," respectively. On April 25, , the duo announced that they would embark on a tour of Canada, performing in all 10 provinces, plus Yukon , Nunavut and Northwest Territories. In the words of Jack: "Having never done a tour of Canada, Meg and I thought it was high time to go whole hog.
We want to take this tour to the far reaches of the Canadian landscape. From the ocean to the permafrost. The best way for us to do that is ensure that we perform in every province and territory in the country, from the Yukon to Prince Edward Island.
On June 24, , just a few hours before their concert at Deer Lake Park, The White Stripes kicked off their cross-Canada tour by playing a minute set for a group of 30 kids at the Creekside Youth Centre in Burnaby.
The Canadian tour was also marked by concerts in small markets,  such as Glace Bay , Whitehorse and Iqaluit , as well as by frequent "secret shows" publicized mainly by posts on The Little Room, a White Stripes fan messageboard.
John's , Newfoundland. They played a full show later that night at the Mile One Centre in downtown St. After the conclusion of the Canadian dates, they embarked on a brief U.
He asked if she meant of the tour, but she responded, "No. I think this is the last show, period. The band was on hiatus from late to early In he reported that the White Stripes were working on their seventh album. Maybe next year. Meg had come from a dead-halt for a year and went right back into that madness. Meg is a very shy girl, a very quiet and shy person. To go full-speed from a dead-halt is overwhelming, and we had to take a break. The film was directed by a friend of the duo, Emmett Malloy.
In an interview with Self Titled , Jack alluded to the creation of a White Stripes film to be released later in In an interview with contactmusic. In , a Super Bowl ad by the U. Air Force Reserve caused The White Stripes to "take strong insult and objection to the Air Force Reserve presenting this advertisement with the implication that we licensed one of our songs to encourage recruitment during a war that we do not support.
In late , The White Stripes reissued their first three albums on Third Man Records on a gram vinyl along with limited-edition, "split-colored" records to accompany it.
He said, "We thought we'd do a lot of things that we'd never done: a full tour of Canada, a documentary, coffee-table book, live album, a boxed set Now that we've gotten a lot of that out of our system, Meg and I can get back in the studio and start fresh. On February 2, , the duo announced that they had officially ceased recording and performing music as The White Stripes.
The announcement specifically denied any artistic differences or health issues, but cited "a myriad of reasons In a interview, Jack said that Meg's lack of enthusiasm for the project contributed to the band's breakup. We'd be working in the studio and something amazing would happen: I'm like, 'Damn, we just broke into a new world right there!
Jack has stated on numerous occasions that the blues is the dominant influence on his songwriting and the roots of the band's music, stating that he feels it is so sacred that playing it does not do it justice.
The White Stripes were notable for having only two musicians, limiting the instruments they could play live. Everything was vocals, guitar and drums or vocals, piano and drums.
Early on, the band drew attention for their preference for antiquated recording equipment. In a New York Times concert reviews, Ann Powers noted that Jack's "ingenious" playing was "constrained by [Meg's] deliberately undeveloped approach," and that "he created more challenges by playing an acoustic guitar with paper taped over the hole and a less-than-high-quality solid body electric.
With few exceptions, Jack displayed a continued partiality towards amps and pedals from the s. He also used a Boss TU-2 tuner pedal. He plugged this setup into a s Fender Twin Reverb, and two Watt Sears Silvertone amplifiers paired with two 6x10 Silvertone cabinets. White also played other instruments such as a black F-Style Gibson mandolin , Rhodes bass keys, and a Steinway piano. Meg's minimalistic drumming style was a prominent part of the band's sound.
Meg never had formal drum lessons. She played Ludwig Drums with Paiste cymbals, and says her pre-show warm-up consisted of " whiskey and Red Bull. But they're not scared to open up on female musicians, out of pure sexism. Meg is the best part of this band. It never would have worked with anybody else, because it would have been too complicated It was my doorway to playing the blues.